Difference Between Cinematography and Videography (2022)

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Difference Between Cinematography and Videography (1)

The main difference between Cinematography and Videography is the nature of the content. Cinematography is the art and process of storytelling that comes from the artistic and technical directions of the scenes by a cinematographer from the director’s perspective. On the other hand, Videography is recording an actual ongoing event and capturing candid moments and reactions.

What is Cinematography?

Difference Between Cinematography and Videography (2)

Cinematography is the artistic and technical approach to making a film or a movie. It is also referred to as “creative storytelling”. In Cinematography, the materials being recorded are called “scenes”. These scenes are planned, directed, and rehearsed to ensure that the execution is in perfect accordance with the director's vision of the movie. In other words, Cinematography is the art and process of materializing the concept, mood, atmosphere, and message of a story through the perspective of the director.

What is Videography?

Difference Between Cinematography and Videography (3)

Videography is the process of capturing and recording live events or moments. The materials being recorded here depend on the event as it happens. There are little to no chances of rehearsals in videography. Planning could be done before the actual shooting. For example, what approaches should be applied, what lens should be used, adjustment of settings according to the environment, and looking for places to shoot. However, once the cameras are rolling, the event being recorded can’t be manipulated. This is because of its nature being more of documentation than storytelling.

Differences between Cinematography and Videography

Nowadays, especially when “filming” is more convenient than ever, the terms Cinematography and Videography are interchanging. However, it is very important to know the differences, especially if one is looking to start a video project for personal or business matters.

Type of Projects

The scale of projects concerning Videography is from small to medium. Videographers could do varieties of content like interviews, journalism-related content, marketing-related content, corporate videos, vlogs, tutorials, wedding videography, concerts, and other live events that could use coverage.

Cinematography, on the other hand, is more prevalent in big-scale projects. For example, short films, music videos, and full-scale films. Based on the examples, projects that use cinematography are more time-consuming and require more skill and experience.

Production Process and Crew

Videographers often work alone or in small groups. They are often called a “one-man army.” Because videographers are often expected to do most of the production process alone. From setting up the lights and cameras to editing the recorded videos, videographers are often responsible from the pre-production to the post-production due to time and budget constraints.

The ones who are in charge of Cinematography (or shooting in a film production) are called “Directors of Photography.” They often work with a large crew of different people who are “experts” in the type of duties they are in. DPs (Directors of Photography) are expected to collaborate and communicate with different members of the set. They also work closely with the Film Director to get the correct composition needed for the frame to produce an effective, impactful, and accurate depiction of the scene. After shooting, DPs have to review the materials before passing them on to a post-production team.

(Video) Videography vs. Cinematography

Employment

Videographers are often self-employed. This lets them hone their skills and discover new techniques along the way. They often get one-time gigs or project-based gigs. This is because of the fact that the nature of videography is recording an event as it unfolds.

DPs (Camera crew that are involved in shooting a film), are often hired by production houses. This kind of job, as compared to gigs, is more complex, time-consuming, and intensive. People in this field are often more skilled and experienced.

Skills

There are no large differences in skills between a Videographer and a Cinematographer (Director of Photography). Both should be well-versed in operating various types of cameras, aware of proper lighting, the accuracy of sound capture, and basic setting and troubleshooting of equipment. However, being a DP is more demanding than being a videographer. Since DP works in a film, a DP should also possess great communication skills as one would work with a large group of professionals that are serious in their craft. Aside from communication skills, DP should also know how to operate special shooting equipment like cranes or trollies because some scenes in films are more demanding than merely recording a live event.

Comparison Chart: Cinematography Vs Videography

ElementsCinematographyVideography
Example of ProjectsShort Films, Music Videos, Full-length FilmsVideos related to Journalism and Marketing, Vlogs, Wedding videography, Interviews, Tutorials
Content or MaterialScenes that are Planned, Rehearsed, and DirectedCandid Reactions or Moments, Live Recording
Production InvolvementIdeation, Storyboarding, Actual Shooting, Review of materials“One-man team”, from setting up to video editing
Project Scale and Crew SizeBig and Long Projects Big Production StaffSmall to Medium projects. Solo or Small Crew
EmploymentHired by Production HousesSelf-employed or Project-based

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Video Editing and Cinematography the Same Thing?

Cinematography is the art and process of shooting a scene to tell a story in accordance with the vision of the Production Staff and Director. Video Editing is cutting, rearranging, and polishing technical aspects of the material to further emphasize the desired outcome of the scene or whole film.

Are Filmmakers Cinematographers Too?

Cinematographers are responsible for the shooting of a scene or the whole film based on a script and the director’s guidance. Cinematographers work exclusively on how scenes are being executed. However, Filmmakers work on every aspect of creating the film. For example, producers are filmmakers that provide budget, staff organizing the schedule, and other organizational and management aspects of filmmaking.

Does Videography Include Editing?

While it is not standard practice, Videographers can also do editing too depending on the demand of their client. There are video editors that focus and specialize in video editing, but some gigs or projects demand videographers to do so. That’s why sometimes after recording live events, videographers do the editing themselves as well. A perfect example would be SDE (Same Day Edit) event coverage on Weddings and other special occasions.

Conclusion

Nowadays, recording videos is very convenient. The equipment needed to record is available almost everywhere. The skills are very much learnable and are easy to access, thanks to the internet. Videography and Cinematography are both skills that one could have with practice and dedication. However, knowing the difference between the two would surely be an addition to one’s knowledge and would really help a person next time that he needs to hire either of the two.

Feel free to comment and discuss about the article in the comment space below if you have any information or remarks to add. If you think we made a mistake, you can also report it there.

(Video) FILMMAKER vs VIDEOGRAPHER vs CINEMATOGRAPHER: What do You Call Yourself?

(Video) Videography vs Cinematography

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(Video) Videographer Vs Cinematographer

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FAQs

How does cinematography differ from videography? ›

While cinematography is more about the art and science of making a movie, videography is primarily about recording an event. The former is more creative and intertwined with the art of storytelling, the latter is about capturing and recording the proceedings with material constraints and limited resources.

What is the difference between cinematography and video editing? ›

Cinematography is the technique and art of lighting and photographing the scene. Editing is the cutting and arranging of scenes after they have been shot into the required order to match the script.

What is the primary difference between a videographer and a cinematographer? ›

To simplify the definitions, a videographer records events, and a cinematographer directs the art and science behind the production of a movie, television show or commercial.

Is videography and filmmaking the same? ›

A filmmaker uses the art of storytelling with words and visuals to create emotion. A videographer is a person who shows up with a camera and shoots an event straight on.

What is another term for videography? ›

Videography Synonyms - WordHippo Thesaurus.
...
What is another word for videography?
filmmakingmoviemaking
video editingfilm editing
content creation
1 more row

Can a videographer be a cinematographer? ›

The term "videographer" came into common vernacular as a way to describe an individual who works in videography or video production, as opposed to film production. This means that a cinematographer works with film stock and a videographer works with video.

Do videographers do editing? ›

Videographers film or videotape private ceremonies or special events, such as weddings. They also may work with companies and make corporate documentaries on a variety of topics. Some videographers post their work on video-sharing websites for prospective clients. Most videographers edit their own material.

Do cinematographers edit? ›

In-camera editing is a technique where, instead of editing the shots in a film into sequence after shooting, the director or cinematographer instead shoots the sequences in strict order. The resulting "edit" is therefore already complete when the film is developed.

What is a videographer called? ›

A videographer may be the actual camera operator or they may be the person in charge of the visual design of a production (the latter being the equivalent of a cinematographer).

Is cinematography a good career? ›

Is cinematography a good career? Cinematography is a highly specialized field that requires a mix of creativity and technical skills. It can be a challenging and rewarding career, but it is not for everyone. As with any profession, the level of success you achieve depends largely on your own efforts and dedication.

What does a cinematographer do? ›

What Does a Cinematographer Do? A cinematographer, also known as a Director of Photography, is in charge of the camera and the lighting crew. They're the person responsible for creating the look, color, lighting, and for framing of every single shot in a film.

Is cinematographer a filmmaker? ›

Cinematographers. Filmmakers, including directors and producers, are responsible for deciding on the look and tone of the film. Cinematographers, however, make the filmmaker's vision a reality by actually filming the elements and ensuring each shot fits that vision.

What is the purpose of videography? ›

Unlike cinematography, which involves highly planned and produced complex projects, the purpose of videography is to capture live events. Videographers live in the moment, not only capturing the footage, but fixing the lighting and inserting music and sound effects when needed.

What cinematography means? ›

cinematography, the art and technology of motion-picture photography. It involves such techniques as the general composition of a scene; the lighting of the set or location; the choice of cameras, lenses, filters, and film stock; the camera angle and movements; and the integration of any special effects.

What makes a good videographer? ›

Creativity and attention to detail. Ability to work under deadline pressure. Organization to manage their time efficiently. Ability to capture snippets of film and be able to edit it into a cohesive story.

What do I need to be a videographer? ›

Most videographers that will be in direct competition with you will have bachelors' degrees in video production, videography, or something relevant to this field. You may want to attend a film school or at least take up some vocational programs to ensure a successful career in videography.

What are the 3 main stages of video production? ›

The process of creating a video from concept to completion consists of three phases: Pre-Production, Production and Post-Production.

What is videography in simple words? ›

From a technical standpoint, videography refers to the electronic capture of moving images on electronic media, such as digital cameras, videotapes, and streaming media. This includes specific methods of video editing and post-production as well.

What is another name for cinematography? ›

In this page you can discover 10 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for cinematography, like: filming, motion-picture photography, camera-work, mise en scene, special effects, musical score, choreography, Idziak, cinematographer and camerawork.

What is a videographer and photographer called? ›

Videographer (and cinematographer) are specializations within photography. Just like pediatrician is a specialty of being a doctor.

What skills can be applied in videography? ›

Examples of videography skills
  • Framing and shot composition.
  • Lighting and sound.
  • Focus, exposure and angles.
  • Knowing which equipment to use for various kinds of filming.
  • Shooting primary footage, background footage and live feed.
23 Nov 2021

What are the principles of videography? ›

Principles of video production
  • Framing, shot types, angles.
  • Basic editing elements.
  • Editing space and timing.
  • Action axis, position of camera, interframe, insert.
  • Continuity and cut, camera motion.
  • Frame length, time in space.
  • Linear and non-linear editing.
  • Rhythm and pace.

What is cinematic videography? ›

To put it simply, a cinematic video is one that looks like a “real” movie you'd watch in the theaters. It refers to any video or film that has the same features as a quality motion picture including proper sound, powerful visual effects, delicate lighting, choreography, etc.

Is videography a good career? ›

Videographers are in growing demand. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that videographer jobs will increase by 22 percent by 2029.

Is videographer a career? ›

If you like some aspects of becoming a videographer but not others, you can choose a career in another related industries. Gaining the skills and knowledge it takes to become a videographer will allow you to excel in these other career options as well as different sectors of the film and video industry.

How do I become a freelance videographer? ›

Here are six steps for those interested in becoming freelance videographers to consider:
  1. Invest in the tools you need. ...
  2. Learn valuable associated skills, such as video editing. ...
  3. Determine if you want to specialize. ...
  4. Build a portfolio. ...
  5. Develop your brand. ...
  6. Look for opportunities to market yourself and grow.

What is the first edit of a movie called? ›

First Cut

The first cut is the rough cut that is accepted by the editor, the director and the producer. Selection and sequence are basically fixed, although changes can still be made.

What is the first cut of a movie called? ›

The first assembly, or assembly cut, is the editor's first cut of the entire movie. The editor strings together all of the usable footage and organizes it into a chronological sequence that corresponds with the film's script.

What are the five stages of editing? ›

Those five stages are: beta readers, self-editing, story editing (which you may know as developmental or content editing), copy editing, and, finally, proofing. It's important to note there isn't one correct way to edit a book; you need to develop your own process.

What do you call a person who edits photos? ›

A picture editor, also known as a photo editor, is a professional who collects, reviews, and chooses photographs and/or photo illustrations for publication in alignment with preset guidelines.

What is a cinematographer salary? ›

According to self-reported statistics from Payscale, the national cinematographer salary average is $56,775 per year with an hourly average of $19.28 as of 2019. Per CareerExplorer, cinematographers in the 90th percentile make an average of $106,547 per year, which is an hourly rate of $51.22.

What skills does a cinematographer need? ›

Skills
  • An eye for detail and a mind for fast invention.
  • Thorough understanding of lighting techniques, light colour, shade and manipulation.
  • Strong technical knowledge of cameras and the film production process.
  • Strong communication skills.
  • Strong team management skills.
  • Excellent listening ability.
15 Jul 2022

Who is the highest paid cinematographer? ›

Top Grossing Cinematographer at the Domestic Box OfficeBETA
RankNameDomestic Box Office
1John Schwartzman$3,127,929,105
2Dean Semler$2,995,911,840
3Don Burgess$2,982,186,430
4Jeremy Lasky$2,820,961,879
78 more rows

What are the 4 Roles of the cinematographer? ›

The cinematographer's responsibilities include reading scripts and liaising with the director and visiting locations to take test shots. You should suggest suitable lighting, angles, filters, and techniques to the director, and also work with the processing lab and post-production team.

What is another name for a cinematographer? ›

A cinematographer is also called the "director of photography," or the DP.

What is a camera man called? ›

A film's camera operator, also called a cameraman, is the professional responsible for operating the camera and capturing the film's footage.

What makes great cinematography? ›

What makes good cinematography? Cinematography is the art of visual storytelling, and good cinematography tells the story effectively. That encompasses many aspects of the actual art form, including camera placement, lighting, the grammar of film and knowing it well, and understanding the script and the story.

What does DP stand for in film? ›

Director of photography (DoP) Also known as: Cinematographer (especially when the DoP operates the camera), DoP, DP.

What is an example of cinematography? ›

An example of cinematography are the decisions made about lighting, camera filters and lenses when shooting a movie scene. The art, science, and work of photography in making films. The art and technique of making and reproducing motion pictures.

Is cinematography a photographer? ›

The main difference between cinematography and photography is the movement of the pictures. Cinematography involves running pictures and making it look like a story through the formation of pictures while photography involves clicking pictures alone.

What major is cinematography? ›

Cinematography and Film Video Production Major

Description: A program that prepares individuals to communicate dramatic information, ideas, moods, and feelings through the making and producing of films and videos.

What is the difference between a filmmaker and a cinematographer? ›

Filmmakers, including directors and producers, are responsible for deciding on the look and tone of the film. Cinematographers, however, make the filmmaker's vision a reality by actually filming the elements and ensuring each shot fits that vision.

What is the difference between cinematography and photography? ›

The differences between photography and cinematography are many. A single photograph may be a complete work in itself, but a cinematographer deals with relations between shots and between groups of shots.

What is the difference between cameraman and cinematographer? ›

Cinematographers work mainly with the motion picture industry, while cameramen can also work with news or sports organizations, TV shows, advertisers and even scientific studies. Cinematographers are also higher-level professionals and may lead a team of cameramen.

What cinematography means? ›

Cinematography is the art of photography and visual storytelling in a motion picture or television show.

Do directors do their own cinematography? ›

Many filmmakers find a cinematographer they work well with and stick with them for the majority of their career (see: Steven Spielberg and Janusz Kaminski), while others like to change things up from film to film. But there are also some directors who decide to serve as their own cinematographers.

What to study to become a cinematographer? ›

Here is the list of most popular cinematography courses:
  1. Diploma in Cinematography.
  2. Diploma in Animation.
  3. Diploma in Creative Media Production.
  4. Film Production Diploma.
  5. Diploma in Digital Film and Video.
  6. Diploma in Digital Filmmaking.
  7. Screenwriting Diploma.
  8. Diploma in Digital Filmmaking.

Who is more important cinematographer or director? ›

In filmmaking, the director is the lead. Cinematographers also have a lot of seniority, but it tends to be within their own department. Some consider cinematographers right below directors since they're in charge of important aspects that can make or break a film.

Does videography include editing? ›

From a technical standpoint, videography refers to the electronic capture of moving images on electronic media, such as digital cameras, videotapes, and streaming media. This includes specific methods of video editing and post-production as well.

Does cinematography include editing? ›

Both appeal to the artistic vision, but cinematography is more so the visual concept and editing is the process.

Do cinematographers operate the camera? ›

A cinematographer works with the camera and lighting crew to make sure that the camera is capturing the action the way that the director is intending it to. Sometimes cinematographers prefer to operate the camera to capture their own shots.

Can a videographer be a cinematographer? ›

The term "videographer" came into common vernacular as a way to describe an individual who works in videography or video production, as opposed to film production. This means that a cinematographer works with film stock and a videographer works with video.

Is cinematography a good career? ›

Is cinematography a good career? Cinematography is a highly specialized field that requires a mix of creativity and technical skills. It can be a challenging and rewarding career, but it is not for everyone. As with any profession, the level of success you achieve depends largely on your own efforts and dedication.

How much money does a cinematographer make? ›

According to self-reported statistics from Payscale, the national cinematographer salary average is $56,775 per year with an hourly average of $19.28 as of 2019. Per CareerExplorer, cinematographers in the 90th percentile make an average of $106,547 per year, which is an hourly rate of $51.22.

What is an example of cinematography? ›

An example of cinematography are the decisions made about lighting, camera filters and lenses when shooting a movie scene. The art, science, and work of photography in making films. The art and technique of making and reproducing motion pictures.

What is another name for cinematography? ›

In this page you can discover 10 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for cinematography, like: filming, motion-picture photography, camera-work, mise en scene, special effects, musical score, choreography, Idziak, cinematographer and camerawork.

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